From the books «The bridge over the abyss» by Paola Volkova.
ALBRECHT DURER. Engraving «MELANCHOLIA»
I want to start a story about Dürer and I want to stay at his etching «Melancholia».The technique of this artist is the technique of great craftsmanship. When we view the engraving on copper we are surprised with the incredible perfection of the technique of this artist. His etchings are unique, complex and laborious. Dürer created this technique himself, he took the cutting tool in hand, put his hand on the pillow, he moved the copper plate under the cutting tool, he did not move the cutter tool, he moved the plate. It is very difficult. continue reading
SCULPTURE «THE DORYPHOROS»
Sculpture «The Doryphoros» (he was a winner at the Olympics, javelin-throwing) was made by Poliklet from the city Argos. This sculpture is the «canon», the pattern of style for the contemporaries.
A young man from Sparta with a classical face of Greek ideal stands and he leans on one leg like he is going to make forward one step. He is courageous, strong and calm. He is the perfect man of his society.
The Greek sculpture shows the hero, this hero is staid, he has a health corporal and moral. “There is a healthy mind in a healthy body”. continue reading
THE UNION OF ARTISTS IN THE ANCIENT GREECE
Who were «the genial» artists? Where did live they? This is one of the main questions but there is not an answer. There is not a large number of ancient Greek sculptures especially originals in our world now. And those sculptures that we have are genial creations. It is not possible to repeat them. The Greeks had not only great ideas, the Greeks had a very sensual attitude to stone, marble, material for sculptures. This is possible that the artists were selected in the public schools. They learned from the great masters and then the most talented students became themseives the masters, too. There was a «union of artists» in ancient Greece, these artists were from different areas. And this «union» lived by their own laws. continue reading
THE PANTHEON IN ROME.
Pantheon in Rome. This is a philosophical architecture. The Pantheon is an acme of spiritual and constructive genius of Rome. It is very important to visit the Pantheon. continue reading.
THE PORTRAIT IN ANCIENT ROME.
The portrait in ancient Rome. Any portrait is the relation of the person to death and to life. There are a lot of different versions of the genesis of this phenomenon. What is the portrait for the Romans? It is important to show the face, to show body, it is necessary to show a soleness of a person. I am Claudius, I am Agrippina. Seneca wrote that the science «physiognomy» was very important for the Romans.
THE MAUSOLEUM OF HADRIAN.
There is another excellent attraction in Rome. This is the «Tomb of Hadrian.» Today, her name is «Angel Castle» and «The Mausoleum of Hadrian».This is one of the most valuable and famous places of Rome.
Tonino Guerra is a great man. He is a descendant of the ancient Latins. He is a man who inherited the breath of the place where was born. He is a very interesting character. He is an elect. Not all the Italians take after him. Tonino Guerra is a genius. He absorbed all great culture of this beautiful country. continue reading
HIERONYMUS BOSCH. The painting »THE SHIP OF FOOLS».
The life of Hieronymus Bosch was successful. After his marriage he had enough money. He had no problems with the authorities and the citizens loved him. However the paintings of this artist are original and personal. Why? continue reading
THE SECRET OF MASK
The Mask is a thing for transformation and metamorphosis. This thing is ancient and very mysterious. It was born when the culture was born. The mask is a basis of the world’s history and a basis of the ethnic and religious history: from the people of Oceania, Dark Continent, China, India, Yucatan, Ancient Egypt, the Middle, Far East till Europe. continue reading
THE FAMOUS KAZIMIR MALEVICH. THE FAMOUS THE «BLACK SQUARE».
Probably there is not another work of art what impresses everyone, provokes a lot of controversies and mockeries, and also makes admire and think over a lot.In this chapter we want to tell you about the “Black Square” and the creator Kazimir Malevich. continue reading
THE TRUTH ON THE CONTRARY
The culture of the Italian Renaissance has been explored by a lot of critics. There are many scientific works which are dedicated to the periodization of the Renaissance, the art historians analyzed the life and the creation of the artists. The Renaissance is an important stage that has close liaison with the culture of XX century. We have to speak about the Renaissance, but we’ll try to make somewhat otherwise this analysis. This analysis will not be like previous research. continue reading
THE BLIND LEADING THE BLIND
The history makes a history. The people do not make any history. There were not such people and there’ll be no such people in our world. We say: “These people are historical figures”. There are only recruits. these persons were able to make the professional recruiting. Alexander the Great was able to make,Gaius Julius Caesar was able to make, too. I want to point that there was always success in the Caesar’s affairs. continue reading
AM NOT I A GENIUS?
There are two main goals in the work of the artist. It is a person and it is a demonstration of the soul. The first goal is simple and the second is difficult and mysterious, this soul said: “Listen! And you can hear me”. Leonardo Da Vinci.
Vladimir Mayakovsky said that Picasso is «the greatest painter both in range and in importance which he has in the world painting». V. Mayakovsky is one of the greatest poets of the XX century. These lines were written about the brilliant artist Pablo Picasso. Picasso, this name is surrounded by a glory, popular, the myths. His childhood looks like the childhood of Mozart. They were very gifted boys and their talents were shown by them very early. When Picasso was 5, he had been already an artist
He was born in 1881, 21 of October, in Spain, in the family of Jose Ruiz (Pablo had surname of his mother, he thought that the father’s surname was not interesting). Picasso was 15, the family lived in Barcelona.
He took part in the exhibitions of this city. He was a leader and the trendsetter of the fashion for the creative company of this city: artists, poets, writers, simple people who were interested in the art.